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Alexandria –the “Pearl of the Mediterranean”- is situated on the North coast and is the largest port and second largest, most populous city in Egypt. The city was built for Alexander the Great in 332 B.C. and became the seat of the Greco-Roman Empire. The name “Alexandria” is inextricably associated with that of Cleopatra. It was there that she encountered Caesar and was later crowned. There too she met Anthony and later, her tragic death. Unlike other Egyptian cities, architecture in Alexandria distinctly follows the Greek model.
The Greco-Roman Museum
The Greco-Roman Museum houses a rare coin collection minted in Alexandria during the Greco-Roman period, and one of the finest collections of Tanagra figurines to be found in the world. Other exhibits include glass and Coptic fabrics.

The Roman Baths and Theatre

Under ten meters of debris were discovered the ruins of vast Roman baths. Nearby, excavations cleared a well-preserved theatre of some 800 seats. The horseshoe auditorium is built in Asia Minor marble and pink granite from Aswan.

Pompey’s Pillar and the Catacombs

The Pompey Pillar was erected by a Roman prefect in honor of Diocletian in 302 A.D. The Pillar stands at slightly less than 100 feet and is made of Aswan granite. Near the Pillar, lay the Catacombs; magnificent tombs of the Roman period. This extremely interesting funerary complex has been preserved in its original state and is believed to date from the 2nd Century A.D.

Fort Qaitbay

At the site of Fort Qaitbay once stood Ptolemy’s Pharos Lighthouse, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. During the 15th Century, the Mamluke Sultan Qaitbay built the fort as part of his coastal defenses. Today, the Fort marks an integral part of modern Alexandria's landscape

Bibliotheca Alexandrina

The Bibliotheca is an impressive contemporary library and cultural center, built in commemoration of the largest and most famous library of the ancient world -the Library of Alexandria- that was lost in antiquity. A must-see for anyone stopping by the city.

El Alamein and Sidi Abdul Rahman
No visit to Alexandria is complete without passing by El Alamein. The war graves from 1939-45 have been carefully preserved and are well worth the visit. A little further along the coastal road is Sidi Abdul Rahman with its enchanting beaches and clear-blue waters.

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